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‘Unique’ Iron Age shield discovered in Leicester


The Enderby ShieldImage copyright
ULAS

Image caption

The shield was preserved due to being left in a waterlogged pit

A 2,300-year-old Iron Age shield has been revealed by archaeologists.

Found during a dig near Leicester in 2015 and dated to between 395 and 255BC, the shield was made of painted bark, backed by wooden spars.

Analysis showed it had been badly damaged, probably by spears and edged weapons, before being left in a pit.

Experts said the shield gave an “unparalleled” insight into prehistoric technology.

Image copyright
ULAS

Image caption

A reconstruction showed the shield was light and surprisingly strong

The shield, which measured 670 x 370mm (26ins x 15ins), was found on the Everards Meadows by University of Leicester Archaeological Services (ULAS) archaeologists.

The bark used was from either alder, willow, poplar, hazel or spindle and the stiffening spars were made of apple, pear, quince or hawthorn.

The shield had a rim of split hazel rod and a boss, to protect the hand, woven from a willow core.

Iron Age

  • In Britain, dating from 800BC to AD43
  • Iron tools improved agriculture and industry
  • There were larger settlements and a more sophisticated society developed
  • Seen as ending with the Roman conquest of Britain

Mike Bamforth, from the University of York, used CT scanning and 3D printing to help reveal its secrets.

He said: “This truly astonishing and unparalleled artefact has given us an insight into prehistoric technology that we could never have guessed at.

“Being part of the team working to tease apart the complex secrets of the shield’s construction has been incredibly interesting and rewarding.”

Archaeologists said such shields might have been common in the Iron Age but their organic materials meant they rarely survived.

A reconstruction showed that while it was not as strong as solid wooden ones, the shield could stop blows effectively and had the advantage of being extremely light.

The British Museum, which will store the shield, described it as a “absolutely phenomenal object”.

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Future

Teen Looking For Arrowheads Finds Prehistoric Mastodon Jaw Instead



IOWA CITY, Iowa (AP) — A teen searching for arrowheads in southern Iowa found something much bigger: the prehistoric jawbone of a mastodon.

The Iowa City Press-Citizen reports that the 30-inch bone belonged to a juvenile mastodon, an elephant-like animal believed to have roamed Iowa some 34,000 years ago.

Officials with the University of Iowa Paleontology Repository, which now has possession of the bone found last week, say the mastodon might have stood around 7-feet tall.

The farmers who donated the jaw and related bones to the repository did so anonymously, saying they didn’t want to encourage people to trespass on their property looking for fossils.

There likely are more fossils on the land, as the owners found other mastodon remains there decades ago.

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Information from: Iowa City Press-Citizen, http://www.press-citizen.com/





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